Table 1
The working class is diverse in all states and Washington, D.C.
Share of labor force participants with less than a four-year college degree, 2016
State Number of workers Women White Black Hispanic AAPI Other

Note: The white, black, Asian American and Pacific Islander, and "other" subgroups do not include individuals who identify as Hispanic.

Source: Author's calculations using 2016 American Community Survey data from Steven Ruggles and others, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 7.0" (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2017), available at