Table 2
Industrial jobs are often more stable and pay more
Statistics for employed workers with less than a four-year college degree in 2016, by sector and state
Share of state's working class Share of sector's workers employed full-time, year-round Median annual wages of full-time, year-round workers
State Service Industrial Agricultural Service Industrial Agricultural Service Industrial Agricultural

Notes: Statistics marked * are redacted due to small sample size. "Industrial" sectors include those in the goods-producing industries of mining, construction, and manufacturing.

Source: Author's calculations using 2016 American Community Survey data from Steven Ruggles and others, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 7.0" (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2017), available at